We investigate the spectrum of the three-dimensional Dirichlet Laplacian in a prototypal infinite polyhedral layer, that is formed by three perpendicular quarter-plane walls of constant width joining each other. Alternatively, this domain can be viewed as an octant from which another "parallel" octant is removed. It contains six edges (three convex and three non-convex) and two corners (one convex and one non-convex). It is a canonical example of non-smooth conical layer. We name it after Fichera because near its non-convex corner, it coincides with the famous Fichera cube that illustrates the interaction between edge and corner singularities. This domain could also be called an octant layer.
We show that the essential spectrum of the Laplacian on such a domain is a half-line and we characterize its minimum as the first eigenvalue of the two-dimensional Laplacian on a broken guide. By a Born-Oppenheimer type strategy, we also prove that its discrete spectrum is finite and that a lower bound is given by the ground state of a special Sturm-Liouville operator.
By finite element computations, we exhibit exactly one eigenvalue under the essential spectrum threshold leaving a relative gap of 3%. We extend these results to a variant of the Fichera layer with rounded edges (for which we find a very small relative gap of 0.5%), and to a three-dimensional cross where the three walls are full thickened planes.
22 novembre 2017 (v1), 19 juillet 2018 (v2)
Integral Equations and Operator Theory (Springer Verlag),
90 (), - (2018)
On line DOI: 10.1007/s00020-018-2486-y SpringerNature (view only)
|PDF file HAL arXiv|